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Paint works of house types and methods

Interior paint works

Paint works have fascinated culture throughout the history. Every age, every region has its own kind of paint work and own kind of design. Paint is one of the first things that is noticed on entering the house. It defines not just the colors of the walls but also defines the personality of the person.

It is important to understand that there are mainly two kinds of interior paints, plain paint and graphy paint. Graphy paint is an old technique of paint where there are wall is of rocky and uneven texture. Whereas plain paints include plastic emulsion and matt emulsion.

Plastic emulsion paint work is plain smooth and has a glossy touch to it. Matt emulsion paint work has a matt finish with plain and smooth texture. With graphy paint out of fashion plastic and matt emulsion paints have taken the market with storm as their finish is smooth and sleek and they are washable as well.

The most important thing in interior paint work is the way the pain is done on the walls. These smooth looking walls go through a lot of hard work, number of steps and time to get to this finish. After the plasters have been completed it is advisable to let them dry completely before starting the paint work procedure.

Before we discuss the paint procedure we need to know the items used during the paint. There are four main items used in paints.

Sand paper

Paint roller

Paint Brush



Sand paper scrubbing

Once the walls are dried the first step before we start the paint is to scrub the walls. The plasters on the wall are very rough and in order to get a smooth paint finish it is necessary that they are scrubbed thoroughly until they are plain. Nicely scrubbed walls will give a better finish and will save a lot of cost on paint as it will not require extra coats.


Wall Primer:

Wall primer is the first coat or also called as the under coat that helps in absorbing the moisture in the plasters. Wall primer not only helps in absorbing the moisture from the walls but also helps the paint to stick better. It is very important to apply the wall primer over a new surface as it seals the original material so that the paint does not soak into it, requiring extra coats and cost. After the primer is complete is it recommended to give it a few days to absorb the moisture from the walls.

Wall Putty/Filling:

After the primer is done and has been given a few days to rest. The next step in paint procedure is wall fillings or locally known as wall putty. Wall putty is used to make the walls as smooth as possible as this is the last step before the base coat is applied.  If the filling is done properly leaving the walls smooth and sleek, it will take lesser coats of paint to give you the desired finish. Wall fillings are usually done in three coats or as required depending on the surface of the wall. The surface should be nicely even and smooth before it is ready for base coat.


Base Coat:

After the fillings are all done, the next step is the base paint. Painters apply the base paint on the fillings and remove all the bulks in the walls with plaster of paris. Base paints are usually white and clear bases. White base is used to create lighter colours where as the clear base is used to create darker colours.

The next step is to select the colour for your walls and then apply the decided or desired colour. Plastic emulsion paint requires around 3 coats of wall putty on the walls before applying the base coat to give the desired finish whereas matt emulsion will require 4 coats of wall putty to create the desired finish. The only difference between plastic emulsion and matt emulsion is that the matt emulsion is 100% detergent washable whereas the plastic emulsion is partially washable.

Potein check:

Once base coat is applied, next step is called potein check in local language. At this stage good lighting is required in under construction house to get best idea about the portions of base coated walls that require fillings of potein which is made in a form of paste using plaster of paris powder.

Final Coats:

After thoroughly checking potein of base coated walls and making sure that surface is as smooth as possible, final color coats are applied either with paint brush or a paint roller. Roller is recommended at this stage due to its much better finished looks.

False Ceiling Paint:

Just like wall paint, ceiling paint starts with sand paper scrubbing and once the scrubbing is done painter will then apply the filling. Filling will be applied as required or two coats in order to make the surface smooth and bulk free. After the filling coat is done painter will then apply first coat of distemper. After the first coat of distemper the ceiling are potein checked for bulks and fixed using plaster of paris. Once the ceiling is bulk free and smooth painter will then apply the second coat of distemper and then the final coat to complete the paint on ceilings.

Exterior paint works

Exterior of a house is as important as the interiors since it will be the first impression before entering in the house. Exteriors’s paint procedure is a little different than interior paint works.

The first step in exterior paint is getting the plasters smooth by using the sand paper and then applying the first coat of weather sheet paint. Painters then check for bulks and fix them with potein. Once the wall is smooth and bulk free painters then apply the second coat and then the final coat of weather sheet.

Another type of exterior paint is Rock wall. Base coat is applied after using sand paper on plasters and then the final rock wall coat is applied. Same procedure is applied in Graphy as well for exterior paint.

0 Responses

  1. bhai g my name ghulam abbas from faisalabad mujy hous paint ka theka chahye 03201675162 mobie num

  2. Aoa. I am from Fsd. I am having trouble in selecting Paint Company. IcI Dulex And Nippon is out of my Range.

    2nd Comes Burger and Kansi. 3rd Comes Happilac and Brighto. can u Please guide me what to select from last four choices. or u plz rank them in order of their quality ignoring the price.

    Someone Advised me to use Under Coat(wall sealer) and Wall Putty of XYZ local company located in Lahore, But use Paints of Branded Company Like Berger, Nippon Or kansai etc. Is this way of applying paint is Durable if wall putty and sealer are of local but quality made.
    My No. is 03130740244. give me miss Call I will call u back. just 3 to 5 mins of your field experience is required. Jazak Allah.

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