Electric wires in Pakistan

Electric wires in Pakistan

Electric wires

Another crucial item required during construction of your house and also as a first step of finishing works are electric wires. Electric wires serve the purpose of supplying current to all your appliances and devices. Electric wire consists of two components, copper conductor and insulation. Copper conductor is the main component that carries current whereas insulation carries the copper conductor in it.

Electric wires used in houses are also known as “General Purpose” wires. This type of wires are manufactured in different sizes and cores however following are only required during house construction:

Single Core 3/.029 or 1.5 mm

Most of the wires used in a residential house are single core 3/.029. Where 3 indicates number of copper conductors inside the insulation and .029 indicates diameter in inches of each conductor. 3/.029 wire is used to supply current to all low voltage appliances and devices.

Single Core 7/.029 or 2.5 mm

7/.029 is the wire that is used as main wires of each room separately where 7 indicates number of copper conductors inside the insulation and .029 indicates diameter in inches of each conductor. A single 7/.029 wire connects respective room with the main DB (Distribution box) hence carrying all load of that particular room excluding air conditioner or any other high current appliance/device that is wired completely separately.

Single Core 7/.036 or 4 mm

Every house consists of many high current appliances such as Air conditioners, electric heaters, electric geezers, ovens etc. Though all these wires can operate on 3/.029 or 7/.029 too, preferred wire for such appliances and devices is 7/.036 electric wires where 7 indicates number of copper conductors inside the insulation and .036 indicates diameter in inches of each conductor.

4 Core 19/.052 or 25mm

A very critical wire used in house construction is 4 core 19/.052 where 19 represents number of strands/conductors in each core and .052 indicates effective cross-section of each core. These wires are used as main wires that connect the main electric supply from high voltage wires to your house. 4 core wires are available both in Copper strands and silver strands, the main supply high voltage wires fixed by the government are made of silver, however it is always recommended to used copper 4 core wires for main connection since it carries all the electric load of a house.

Intercom/telephone cable 1 to 5 pair

All companies manufacturing general cable electric wires for residential or commercial purpose, also make communication cables used for intercoms, telephones and other low voltage devices. These wires are manufactured in different pairs where each pair consists of two separate strands/conductors. 1 pair is generally used throughout the house for telephone connections. Whereas 5 pair is used from Main entrance of house to internal junction box of communication services for connecting intercom, camera, electric locks etc.

Coaxial cable RJ-6/RJ-7

Another important cable that is required nowadays in houses is Coaxial cable that comes in two grades named as RJ-6 or RJ-7 where 6 represents superior quality of signal transmission. Coaxial cables are used for networking, communication dishes, television connections, long range CCTVs etc. Separate conduit/pipes are fixed in walls for coaxial cable where ever connection is required in house for TV/Dish.

electric wires in pakistan general purpose wires 3 29

There are many brands manufacturing quality general purpose electric wires that claim there wires to be 99% copper and fire proof insulator. Some of them are:

Quality check on site for electric wires

Though they might or might not have a conductor that comprises of 99.9% copper, however all these brands are highly recommended. A small fire test can be carried out to test the insulator of wires on site. Take a small piece of wire and light a fire on it, the insulator should not act as a fuel and enhance the fire, it should resist and extinguish the fire quickly. Quality of insulator depends upon the rate at which fire extinguishes. Better the quality, more quickly the fire will extinguish. Secondly copper quality can easily be checked on site by its permanent and ineradicable colour, can be bent and twisted without breaking or stretching. There are many nameless wires available in the market at cheap rates, however most of such wires are of inferior quality. Using such wires in houses or other places is never recommended. Inferior quality wires can cause short circuits resulting in fires and utility bills for electricity consumption can also be on higher sides.

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About The Author

Mohsin Munir
Holding a degree in BS EE (Electrical engineering) and astounding knowledge of house construction business since 2010, wide experience and relevant expertise in the construction business. Believe in research based strategy while holding a distinguished position in the construction market. Started at a small scale in 2010 and recognised among the top builders and contractors in Pakistan now, especially among the expatriates and overseas Pakistanis who always trusted in our commitment and services.

90 Comments

  • usman khalid on September 15, 2020

    hello sir.
    used ship cables best in home wiring or not?

    • Mohsin Munir on September 15, 2020

      No idea never experienced such cables 🙂

  • Ahmed on August 28, 2020

    Hello

    what wire should be used to power 6 light poles (50 ft high) and 190 meter away from the power source (35 kva generator)
    each pole has lights of 5000 watts.

    so total watts = 30000
    distance from 35 kva generator = 190 meters

    • Mohsin Munir on August 29, 2020

      As per your provided data, current that shall pass through the cables is:
      P=VI
      I=P/V=30000/220=136 AMP

      Most probable your 35kva generator will be 3 phase. In that case for 190 meters you will require a minimum of 50 mm2 cable pure copper PAKISTAN CABLE. On website of Paksitan cables you can check their current carrying capacity chart that shows 50mm2 has CCC of maximum 134 amp. To be on safe side you can use 70mm2 that has CCC of 171 amp.

    • Mohsin Munir on August 29, 2020

      https://electronicbase.net/wire-size-calculator/

      I also entered provided data on this website and it tells that 73.1 mm2 wire is required minimum. That comes out to be 70 mm2 since there is no such size as 73.1 mm2

  • Muhammad Aslam on July 25, 2020

    Mohsin Bhai
    Please guide me about cables for house wiring. Available brands are GM , Eagle and tj

    • Mohsin Munir on July 25, 2020

      Go for GM out of these three brands.

  • Zain Ali on July 20, 2020

    Sir, if we use a standard cable like pakistan cables for example, can we use 3/0.029 wire for each room from main switch or necessarily needed 7/0.029? (Having AC wires separate). As 3/0.029 wire has 13 Amperes Capacity and one room comprises of one fan and 6 LED bulbs n one LCD, a maximum current load of 2A. Even if iron is used for pressing it takes 5 to 6 Amperes of current in start then reduces once heated. Suggest please.

    • Mohsin Munir on July 20, 2020

      There will be no issue at all you can use 3/0.029 as main with respect to the load you mentioned.

  • Amer S on July 15, 2020

    Best Circuit Breakers for new home kindly rank 1 – 3

  • Dr Ismail on July 8, 2020

    AOA, what about coppergat cables. Are they equivalent to GM and fast cables or not

  • Imran on July 7, 2020

    Aoa, what is your opinion about select cables?
    http://www.selectcables.com.pk

  • dawood on July 5, 2020

    hi, which cable size is good from 3phase meter to main breaker for 2 motors of 5hp, 2 motors of 3hp and 3 motors of 2hp? all 3 phase. also 10 tube lights and 6 fans approx.
    Regards

  • Amer on July 4, 2020

    Can we use Pakistan cable for main wires ( 7/29 , 7/44) and other house wiring with fast cables is it ok

  • Samantha Roberson on May 25, 2020

    Great content. Thanks for sharing it with us.

  • Adnan on May 9, 2020

    Hello there, Could you please advise about the rates of these brands ( Pakistan cables, Fast cables and GM cables )
    Thank you in advance

  • Imran on April 20, 2020

    Which cable should I use from single phase meter wire to DB, 7/45, 7/56,7/64 or same wapda single wire which is coming from wapda pool to meter. My single phase meter is 80feet away from House, and it’s hanging on pool and wapda wire is inside my house now. I have to attach that cable with my db. One 1.5 ton split AC, 1 fridge and two rooms attached with it.

  • Abbas Ali on April 18, 2020

    Mid range better Cable for House wiring

    • Mohsin Munir on April 19, 2020

      Gm cable, english cable , excel cable

  • Maida Ali on April 11, 2020

    Sir can we use 3/29 wire for iron and oven ?

  • Fazal on March 12, 2020

    Mohsin! I want to have a DC cabelling as well in my house. So, what cable you recommend to use in DC or Solar cablling.
    Moreover, which cable you will recommend between Fast and Newage cables to use in house cabelling. Please do reply.

    • Mohsin Munir on March 12, 2020

      I have no experience regarding Dc cabling hence can not comment.

  • Fazal on March 12, 2020

    Hello Muhsin!

    Can you please ftom top to less among Pakistan Cable, Newage and Fast Cable

    • Mohsin Munir on March 12, 2020

      Pakistan cables on top definitely. Remaining two same.

  • yasir arafat on March 6, 2020

    please let me know your opinion about copper gate cables

  • Mohsin iqbal on February 25, 2020

    A.a i am constructing a new house can you suggest me best cable for home
    Pakistan cables,N.S cables,fast cables,GM cables,newage cables etc

  • Ameer Sultan Awan on February 23, 2020

    What is the quality difference between Pakistan cable and GM cable ???

  • Safdar on February 21, 2020

    Dear in comparison fast is good or gm cable

  • Shahzaib Nazim on February 21, 2020

    Please suggest that how much cable of 3/29 , 7/29 and 4mm required for a 10 Marla single story house with false ceilings and 4 points of ACs. Waiting for your kind response

    • Mohsin Munir on February 21, 2020

      It is not possible to estimate in this way. Electric wires requirement can be estimated only after physical checking on site. Ask your electrician who has fixed the conduit to calculate required wires.

  • Safdar on February 19, 2020

    Dear brother
    Do you recoment fotina cable of Lahore or fast cable.if none of the above kindly tell me the good cable

    • Mohsin Munir on February 19, 2020

      Never heard of recoment fotina cable. Fast cable is very good

  • Imran Zia on February 18, 2020

    What are your suggestions regarding AGE Cables?

  • Athar Noriaz on January 31, 2020

    Hello Mohsin Munir,
    What’s your reviews about united cables??

  • Irtza Shahan on January 30, 2020

    That is unfortunate.
    But thank you for your kind reply.

  • Irtza Shahan on January 29, 2020

    I also have another question if you know, which cable brand in Pakistan provides best value for money.
    And if there is any cable without electrician token ?

    • Mohsin Munir on January 29, 2020

      Pakistan cables

      No there is no brand without token

  • Irtza Shahan on January 29, 2020

    Wow the response is so quick thanks a lot dear sir.
    Also can you mention how much maximum load can a 7/29 wire bear at 45 Celsius temperature.

    • Mohsin Munir on January 29, 2020

      18-20 amp of current can easily be carried by 7/.29 pure copper

  • Irtza Shahan on January 29, 2020

    Can I use 7/29 wire for 1.5 ton Inverter AC

    • Mohsin Munir on January 29, 2020

      Yes you can use without any worries!

  • Tehreem on January 11, 2020

    Asslam-o-Alaikum, Mohsin bhai your articles are always helpful for me. You really resolve many problems and confusions of a layman. I need ur assistance in wiring.
    Is it recommended to use 25mm 4 core silver wire from society dB to meters and 7/64 16 mm 4 core copper wire from two meters to main dbs of separate portions of house?
    For 3/29, 7/29, 7/36 and 4mm what is ur recommended brand newage or GM,, regards

    • Mohsin Munir on January 11, 2020

      Yes 25 mm in silver or 16 mm in copper both are recommended.

      Newage or GM both are equally good you can use either of these.

  • Khawaja Khurram on December 25, 2019

    Dear Mohsin,
    Many thanks! You’re creating great awareness.
    I’ve two questions.
    How do you rate Eagle Cables?
    How about the Korean cables available in Bilal Gunj Lahore? Can the 7 strand 1.5mm be used instead of 3/29? Also shed some light on flexible cables.

    • Mohsin Munir on December 25, 2019

      Thanks for such kind words of appreciation Khawaja Khurram shb.

      Eagle cables are good cables I have used quite a few times. You can adopt the testing method as mentioned in my article to check the insulation and copper quality of wire.

      I have no experience of Korean cables, from Bilal gunj we only purchase imported copper 16 mm or 25 mm cables that are really good in quality.

      • Khawaja Khurram on December 25, 2019

        Your prompt reply and guidance is highly appreciated.
        Stay blessed!

    • Mohsin Munir on December 25, 2019

      And regarding your 7 strand question, it is my personal opinion that there should be no issue at all if whole wiring in 3/.29 is replaced with 7 strand 1.5 mm cable provided both are in pure copper. But flexible cables can not be used as general wiring in house because per meter cost of flexible/core wires is more as compared to general wires and neutral wire can not be separated at various point as required in general house wiring system.

  • Abbas Raza on July 10, 2019

    @Mohsin, Thanks a lot for sharing the info, it’s very helpful. Do you have any idea about Azmat cables? If so, would you recommend it to someone who is not able to get Pakistan Cables due to strike/etc?

    • Mohsin Munir on July 10, 2019

      I have never heard about Azmat cables in Lahore and Islamabad region.

  • Shahid Jan on June 14, 2019

    Is Pakistan Cable is approved from PWD for their projects?

    • Mohsin Munir on June 14, 2019

      Only Pakistan cables can give you the answer of this question.

  • Farhan on May 11, 2019

    Dear Mohsin Sab,
    Your article is very helpful for people like us.

    Will appreciate If U can advise an estimated electrical cables requirement for my newly constructed house which is 5 Marla (Double story) – in each floor there are total 2 Bed rooms, 1 draining room, 1 Hall, 1 kitchen and 2 bath rooms (2 A.C points on each floor). Please advice Type / size & quantity of cables required. Jazak ALLAH.

    • Mohsin Munir on May 11, 2019

      Thanks Farhan sb for appreciating

      Wiring cables requirement can not be estimated in this way. It has to be checked on site and calculated as per route distance and other requirements

  • amad on May 10, 2019

    dear mohsin munir ; please advice me which cable is batter from WAPDA meter to main board of home
    25 mm 4 core or 35mm 3 core

  • Ali Rehman on January 25, 2019

    Very Good Article. Can Any one here please guide me how much estimate roughly be required to put overground electrical wiring of a house into underground? I can provide further detail if required

    • Mohsin Munir on January 25, 2019

      What is the size of your house in marlas?

  • Mohsin Munir on January 18, 2019

    It is not recommended, it should be replaced. Best would be copper into meter and copper into db. However if not possible than it should remain silver throught upto db.
    Gauge depends upon the total elec load for your house.

    • Usman on January 19, 2019

      IS there a chart on which I can correlate the power with gauge ?for example if I have three ac working with ups and normal 3 room
      Load what would be the gauge I am looking for ?becur I was told a 16 mm gauge should be fine?and should the gauge of the wire that is entering the meter and exiting the meter into db be of same gauge ?or it could vary ?

      • Mohsin Munir on January 21, 2019

        Dear Usman,
        There are plenty of charts available online where you can correlate the load of your house with gauge that you tentatively require. If you have 1.5 ton 3 inverter acs and 3 rooms with standard appliances such as fans, lights, light plugs etc your approximate load will be 3.8 to 4 kwh, for which 16 mm copper is more than enough.
        In ideal scenario gauge should be same both input and output of the meter. But if due to whatsoever reasons there is a difference, it wont harm your house or your electric bill to a significant effect.

        • Usman on January 23, 2019

          THANK you so much for the timely responses and I appreciate the good work you are doing .thank you once again

          • Mohsin Munir on January 24, 2019

            Welcome Usman, looking forward for your contribution on our website in future too. If you have expertise in any field regarding house construction and you can pen it down in form of article, we will post it on our website for the guidance of others with your name.

  • Usman on January 10, 2019

    They say that there shouldn’t be silver and Copper joint ,Is that true ?

    • Mohsin Munir on January 11, 2019

      True, there must be a bus bar or other method for joining copper and silver, direct joint should be avoided. Causes resistance hence resulting in loss.

      • usman on January 17, 2019

        if copper wire is coming from wapda into meter and the from meter to DB it is silver ,is it going to cause problem ?and if so would it be better if the copper is turned into silver so that a silver is going thorughout ?or copper into meter and copper from meter into DB ,

        and if silver wire is throughout does it cause any problem ?and what gauge should be used ?

  • human on December 25, 2018

    sir kindly guide about solar panel cable

  • Hafiz on December 17, 2018

    Your post is very helpful for me. Thanks

  • Shehzad on September 13, 2018

    Dear article writer..please suggest best cable for house..pakistan cables or newage or pioneer or fast..please give sincere advice

    • Mohsin Munir on September 13, 2018

      Pakistan cables

      • Qasim on March 19, 2019

        Can you please comment, which is the 2nd best cable in the market as Pakistan Cables is expensive than all others

        • Mohsin Munir on March 20, 2019

          Coppergat, excel, allied, gm

          • Qasim on March 21, 2019

            Jazakalah for your response,

            what is your opinion on Newage and Fast cables, can they be considered as 2nd best?

          • Mohsin Munir on March 21, 2019

            Yes very good brands!

    • sami tariq on February 8, 2019

      Aoa sir wapda pole is 800feet faraway from My house which wire is best for electric supply connection.764/772

  • Syed waqar on April 24, 2018

    primetrade.pk is best for purchase electric wires cable and cable accessories in pakistan

    • Mohsin Munir on April 24, 2018

      Thanks for sharing. Will definitely check it out.

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